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OS_Mirror / quine-relay Ruby

Quine Relay:神奇的Ruby程序,以字母顺序依次生成Scala、Scheme…C、C++、C#…Java等几乎所有我们听说过的50种语言,最后再从REXX语言程序生原始的Ruby代码。

java ruby scala 语言 scheme

项目最近一次提交:7 天 前 312292b51

README.md

Quine Relay

Build Status

What this is

This is a Ruby program that generates Rust program that generates Scala program that generates ...(through 128 languages in total)... REXX program that generates the original Ruby code again.

Language Uroboros

(If you want to see the old 50-language version, see 50 branch.)

Usage

Ubuntu

If you are using Ubuntu 17.10 "Artful Aardvark", you can perform the following steps.

1. Install all interpreters/compilers.

First, you have to type the following apt-get command to install all of them.

$ sudo apt-get install afnix algol68g aplus-fsf aspectc++ aspectj \
  asymptote ats2-lang bash bc bf bison bsdgames bsh clisp clojure cmake \
  cmake coffeescript dafny dc ecere-dev elixir emacs25 erlang f2c fish \
  flex fp-compiler fsharp g++ gap gawk gcc gdb gdc genius gforth \
  gfortran ghc ghostscript gnat gnu-smalltalk gnuplot gobjc golang gpt \
  gri groff groovy guile-2.0 gzip haxe icont iconx intercal iverilog \
  jasmin-sable jq julia ksh libgd-dev libpng-dev lisaac livescript llvm \
  lua5.3 m4 make maxima minizinc mlton mono-devel mono-mcs mono-vbnc \
  nasm neko nescc nickle nim node-typescript nodejs ocaml octave \
  open-cobol openjdk-8-jdk pari-gp parser3-cgi perl php-cli pike8.0 \
  python r-base rakudo ratfor rc regina-rexx ruby ruby-mustache rustc \
  scala scilab sed slsh spin squirrel3 swi-prolog tcl tcsh valac vim \
  xsltproc yabasic yorick zoem zsh

Then, build the bundled interpreters.

$ sudo apt-get install libpng-dev libgd-dev groff flex bison
$ make -C vendor

2. Run each program on each interpreter/compiler.

$ ulimit -s unlimited
$ ruby QR.rb > QR.rs
$ rustc QR.rs && ./QR > QR.scala
$ scalac QR.scala && scala QR > QR.scm
$ guile QR.scm > QR.sci
$ scilab -nwni -nb -f QR.sci > QR.sed
$ sed -E -f QR.sed QR.sed > QR.spl
$ ./vendor/local/bin/spl2c < QR.spl > QR.spl.c && gcc -o QR -I ./vendor/local/include -L ./vendor/local/lib QR.spl.c -lspl -lm &&
  ./QR > QR.sl
$ slsh QR.sl > QR.st
$ gst QR.st > QR.nut
$ squirrel QR.nut > QR.sml
$ mlton @MLton fixed-heap 200M -- QR.sml && ./QR > QR.sq
$ ruby vendor/subleq.rb QR.sq > QR.tcl
$ tclsh QR.tcl > QR.tcsh
$ tcsh QR.tcsh > QR.t
$ ruby vendor/thue.rb QR.t > QR.ts
$ tsc --outFile QR.ts.js QR.ts && nodejs QR.ts.js > QR.unl
$ ruby vendor/unlambda.rb QR.unl > QR.vala
$ valac QR.vala && ./QR > QR.mid
$ mono vendor/local/bin/Vlt.exe /s QR.mid && mono QR.exe > QR.v
$ iverilog -o QR QR.v && ./QR -vcd-none > QR.vim
$ vim -EsS QR.vim > QR.vb
$ vbnc QR.vb && mono ./QR.exe > QR.ws
$ ruby vendor/whitespace.rb QR.ws > QR.xslt
$ xsltproc QR.xslt > QR.yab
$ yabasic QR.yab > QR.yorick
$ yorick -batch QR.yorick > QR.azm
$ zoem -i QR.azm > QR.zsh
$ zsh QR.zsh > QR.+
$ a+ QR.+ > qr.adb
$ gnatmake qr.adb && ./qr > QR.als
$ LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/afnix axi QR.als > QR.aheui
$ go run vendor/goaheui/main.go QR.aheui > QR.a68
$ a68g QR.a68 > QR.ante
$ ruby vendor/ante.rb QR.ante > QR.cc
$ ag++ -o QR QR.cc && ./QR > QR.aj
$ ajc QR.aj && java QR > QR.asy
$ asy QR.asy > QR.dats
$ patscc -o QR QR.dats && ./QR > QR.awk
$ awk -f QR.awk > QR.bash
$ bash QR.bash > QR.bc
$ BC_LINE_LENGTH=4000000 bc -q QR.bc > QR.bsh
$ bsh QR.bsh > QR.bef
$ cfunge QR.bef > QR.Blc
$ ruby vendor/blc.rb < QR.Blc > QR.bf
$ bf -c500000 QR.bf > QR.c
$ gcc -o QR QR.c && ./QR > QR.cpp
$ g++ -o QR QR.cpp && ./QR > QR.cs
$ mcs QR.cs && mono QR.exe > QR.chef
$ PERL5LIB=vendor/local/lib/perl5 compilechef QR.chef QR.chef.pl &&
  perl QR.chef.pl > QR.clj
$ clojure QR.clj > QR.cmake
$ cmake -P QR.cmake > QR.cob
$ cobc -O2 -x QR.cob && ./QR > QR.coffee
$ coffee --nodejs --stack_size=100000 QR.coffee > QR.lisp
$ clisp QR.lisp > QR.d
$ gdc -o QR QR.d && ./QR > QR.dfy
$ dafny QR.dfy && mono QR.exe > QR.dc
$ dc QR.dc > QR.ec
$ ecp -c QR.ec -o QR.sym && ecc -c QR.ec -o QR.c && ecs -console QR.sym QR.imp -o QR.main.ec &&
  ecp -c QR.main.ec -o QR.main.sym && ecc -c QR.main.ec -o QR.main.c &&
  gcc -o QR QR.c QR.main.c -lecereCOM && ./QR > QR.exs
$ elixir QR.exs > QR.el
$ emacs -Q --script QR.el > QR.erl
$ escript QR.erl > QR.fsx
$ fsharpc QR.fsx -o QR.exe && mono QR.exe > QR.false
$ ruby vendor/false.rb QR.false > QR.fl
$ flex -o QR.fl.c QR.fl && gcc -o QR QR.fl.c && ./QR > QR.fish
$ fish QR.fish > QR.fs
$ gforth QR.fs > QR.f
$ gfortran -o QR QR.f && ./QR > QR.f90
$ gfortran -o QR QR.f90 && ./QR > QR.g
$ gap -q QR.g > QR.gdb
$ gdb -q -x QR.gdb > QR.gel
$ genius QR.gel > QR.plt
$ gnuplot QR.plt > QR.go
$ go run QR.go > QR.gs
$ ruby vendor/golfscript.rb QR.gs > QR.gpt
$ gpt -o QR QR.gpt && ./QR > QR.grass
$ ruby vendor/grass.rb QR.grass > QR.gri
$ gri QR.gri > QR.groovy
$ groovy QR.groovy > QR.gz
$ gzip -cd QR.gz > QR.hs
$ ghc QR.hs && ./QR > QR.hx
$ haxe -main QR -neko QR.n && neko QR.n > QR.icn
$ icont -s QR.icn && ./QR > QR.i
$ ick -bfOc QR.i && gcc -static QR.c -I /usr/include/ick-* -o QR -lick &&
  ./QR > QR.j
$ jasmin QR.j && java QR > QR.java
$ javac QR.java && java QR > QR.js
$ nodejs QR.js > QR.jq
$ jq -r -n -f QR.jq > QR.jsfuck
$ nodejs --stack_size=100000 QR.jsfuck > QR.jl
$ julia QR.jl > QR.ksh
$ ksh QR.ksh > QR.lazy
$ lazyk QR.lazy > qr.li
$ lisaac qr.li && ./qr > QR.ls
$ lsc QR.ls > QR.ll
$ llvm-as QR.ll && lli QR.bc > QR.lol
$ lci QR.lol > QR.lua
$ lua5.3 QR.lua > QR.m4
$ m4 QR.m4 > QR.mk
$ make -f QR.mk > QR.mac
$ maxima -q --init-mac=QR.mac > QR.mzn
$ mzn2fzn QR.mzn && fzn-gecode QR.fzn | solns2out --soln-sep '' QR.ozn > QR.il
$ ilasm QR.il && mono QR.exe > QR.mustache
$ mustache QR.mustache QR.mustache > QR.asm
$ nasm -felf QR.asm && ld -m elf_i386 -o QR QR.o && ./QR > QR.neko
$ nekoc QR.neko && neko QR.n > QR.nc
$ nescc -o QR QR.nc && ./QR > QR.5c
$ nickle QR.5c > QR.nim
$ nim c QR.nim && ./QR > QR.m
$ gcc -o QR QR.m && ./QR > QR.ml
$ ocaml QR.ml > QR.octave
$ mv QR.m QR.m.bak && octave -qf QR.octave > QR.ook && mv QR.m.bak QR.m
$ ruby vendor/ook-to-bf.rb QR.ook QR.ook.bf && bf -c500000 QR.ook.bf > QR.gp
$ gp -f -q QR.gp > QR.p
$ parser3 QR.p > QR.pas
$ fpc QR.pas && ./QR > QR.pl
$ perl QR.pl > QR.pl6
$ perl6 QR.pl6 > QR.php
$ php QR.php > QR.png
$ npiet QR.png > QR.pike
$ pike QR.pike > QR.ps
$ gs -dNODISPLAY -q QR.ps > QR.ppt
$ ppt -d < QR.ppt > QR.prolog
$ swipl -q -t qr -f QR.prolog > QR.pr
$ spin -T QR.pr > QR.py
$ python QR.py > QR.R
$ R --slave -f QR.R > QR.ratfor
$ ratfor -o QR.ratfor.f QR.ratfor && gfortran -o QR QR.ratfor.f &&
  ./QR > QR.rc
$ rc QR.rc > QR.rexx
$ rexx ./QR.rexx > QR2.rb

You will see that QR.rb is the same as QR2.rb.

$ diff QR.rb QR2.rb

Alternatively, just type make.

$ make

Note: It may require huge memory to compile some files.

Arch Linux

Just install quine-relay-git from AUR and run quine-relay. Report any problems as comments to the AUR package or to the respective packages, if one of the many compilers should have issues.

Other platforms

You may find instructions for other platforms in the wiki.

If you are not using these Linux distributions, please find your way yourself. If you could do it, please let me know. Good luck.

Tested interpreter/compiler versions

I used the following Ubuntu deb packages to test this program.

# language ubuntu package version
1 Ruby ruby 1:2.3.3
2 Rust rustc 1.22.1+dfsg1+llvm-0ubuntu2~17.10.2
3 Scala scala 2.11.8-2
4 Scheme guile-2.0 2.0.13+1-4
5 Scilab scilab 5.5.2-4ubuntu2
6 sed sed 4.4-1
7 Shakespeare N/A -
8 S-Lang slsh 2.3.1-5ubuntu1
9 Smalltalk gnu-smalltalk 3.2.5-1build3
10 Squirrel squirrel3 3.1-4
11 Standard ML mlton 20130715-3
12 Subleq N/A -
13 Tcl tcl 8.6.0+9
14 tcsh tcsh 6.20.00-7
15 Thue N/A -
16 TypeScript node-typescript 2.5.2-1
17 Unlambda N/A -
18 Vala valac 0.36.6-1
19 Velato N/A -
20 Verilog iverilog 10.1-0.1build1
21 Vimscript vim 2:8.0.0197-4ubuntu5
22 Visual Basic mono-vbnc 4.0.1-1
23 Whitespace N/A -
24 XSLT xsltproc 1.1.29-2.1ubuntu1
25 Yabasic yabasic 1:2.78.2-2
26 Yorick yorick 2.2.04+dfsg1-6build1
27 Zoem zoem 11-166-1.2
28 zsh zsh 5.2-5ubuntu1.2
29 A+ aplus-fsf 4.22.1-9
30 Ada gnat 7ubuntu1
31 AFNIX afnix 2.8.0-3
32 Aheui N/A -
33 ALGOL 68 algol68g 2.8-2
34 Ante N/A -
35 AspectC++ aspectc++ 1:2.2+git20170823-1
36 AspectJ aspectj 1.8.9-2
37 Asymptote asymptote 2.41-2build1
38 ATS ats2-lang 0.2.9-1
39 Awk gawk 1:4.1.4+dfsg-1
40 bash bash 4.4-5ubuntu1
41 bc bc 1.06.95-9build2
42 BeanShell bsh 2.0b4-18
43 Befunge N/A -
44 BLC8 N/A -
45 Brainfuck bf 20041219ubuntu5
46 C gcc 4:7.2.0-1ubuntu1
47 C++ g++ 4:7.2.0-1ubuntu1
48 C# mono-mcs 4.6.2.7+dfsg-1ubuntu1
49 Chef N/A -
50 Clojure clojure 1.8.0-3
51 CMake cmake 3.9.1-1
52 Cobol open-cobol 1.1-2
53 CoffeeScript coffeescript 1.10.0~dfsg-1
54 Common Lisp clisp 1:2.49-10build1
55 D gdc 4:7.2.0-1ubuntu1
56 Dafny dafny 1.9.7-1
57 dc dc 1.06.95-9build2
58 eC ecere-dev 0.44.15-1
59 Elixir elixir 1.3.3-2
60 Emacs Lisp emacs25 25.2+1-6
61 Erlang erlang 1:20.0.4+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1
62 F# fsharp 4.0.0.4+dfsg2-2
63 FALSE N/A -
64 Flex flex 2.6.1-1.3
65 Fish fish 2.6.0-1
66 Forth gforth 0.7.3+dfsg-4
67 FORTRAN77 f2c 20100827-3
68 Fortran90 gfortran 4:7.2.0-1ubuntu1
69 GAP gap 4r8p7-1
70 GDB gdb 8.0.1-0ubuntu1
71 GEL (Genius) genius 1.0.23-2
72 Gnuplot gnuplot 5.0.7+dfsg1-1
73 Go golang 2:1.8~1ubuntu1
74 GolfScript N/A -
75 G-Portugol gpt 1.1-4
76 Grass N/A -
77 Gri gri 2.12.26-1
78 Groovy groovy 2.4.8-2
79 Gzip gzip 1.6-5ubuntu1
80 Haskell ghc 8.0.2-10
81 Haxe haxe 1:3.4.2-1ubuntu1
82 Icon icont, iconx 9.4.3-6ubuntu1
83 INTERCAL intercal 30:0.30-1
84 Jasmin jasmin-sable 2.5.0-1
85 Java openjdk-8-jdk 8u162-b12-0ubuntu0.17.10.2
86 JavaScript nodejs 6.11.4~dfsg-1ubuntu1
87 Jq jq 1.5+dfsg-2
88 JSFuck nodejs 6.11.4~dfsg-1ubuntu1
89 Julia julia 0.4.7-7build2
90 ksh ksh 93u+20120801-3.1ubuntu1
91 Lazy K N/A -
92 Lisaac lisaac 1:0.39~rc1-3
93 LiveScript livescript 1.5.0+dfsg-3build2
94 LLVM asm llvm 1:4.0-37~exp3ubuntu1
95 LOLCODE N/A -
96 Lua lua5.3 5.3.3-1
97 M4 m4 1.4.18-1
98 Makefile make 4.1-9.1
99 Maxima maxima 5.40.0-1
100 MiniZinc minizinc 2.0.14+dfsg1-1
101 MSIL mono-devel 4.6.2.7+dfsg-1ubuntu1
102 Mustache ruby-mustache 1.0.2-1
103 NASM nasm 2.13.01-2
104 Neko neko 2.1.0-4
105 nesC nescc 1.3.5-1
106 Nickle nickle 2.79-2
107 Nim nim 0.17.2-1ubuntu1
108 Objective-C gobjc 4:7.2.0-1ubuntu1
109 OCaml ocaml 4.04.0-2ubuntu4
110 Octave octave 4.2.1-2build1
111 Ook! N/A -
112 PARI/GP pari-gp 2.9.3-1
113 Parser 3 parser3-cgi 3.4.5-2
114 Pascal fp-compiler 3.0.2+dfsg-5ubuntu1
115 Perl 5 perl 5.26.0-8ubuntu1.1
116 Perl 6 rakudo 2017.06-1
117 PHP php-cli 1:7.1+54ubuntu1
118 Piet N/A -
119 Pike pike8.0 8.0.438-1
120 PostScript ghostscript 9.21~dfsg+1-0ubuntu3
121 PPT (Punched tape) bsdgames 2.17-25
122 Prolog swi-prolog 7.4.2+dfsg-2
123 Promela (Spin) spin 6.4.6+dfsg-2
124 Python python 2.7.14-2ubuntu1
125 R r-base 3.4.2-1ubuntu1
126 Ratfor ratfor 1.0-16
127 rc rc 1.7.4-1
128 REXX regina-rexx 3.6-2.1

Note that some languages are not available in Ubuntu (marked as N/A). This repository includes their implementations in vendor/. See also vendor/README in detail.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Why?

A. Take your pick.

Q. How?

A. Good news: I published a book, "The world of obfuscated, esoteric, artistic programming". It explains how to write a quine, an ascii-art quine, and a uroboros quine like this quine-relay. You can buy my book on amazon.co.jp.

(It also contains my almost all (about forty) works, including alphabet-only Ruby program, radiation-hardened quine, etc., and explains many techniques to write such programs.)

Bad news: It is written in Japanese. I hope you could translate it to English and help me earn royalties.

Q. Language XXX is missing!

A. See the criteria for language inclusion in detail. (In short: please create a deb package and contribute it to Ubuntu.)

Q. Does it really work?

A. Build Status

Q. How long did it take you?

A. Do you try to cross the world line?

Q. The code does not fit into my display!

A. Here you go.

Q. How was the code generated?

A.

$ sudo apt-get install rake ruby-cairo ruby-rsvg2 ruby-gdk-pixbuf2 \
  optipng advancecomp ruby-chunky-png
$ cd src
$ rake2.0 clobber
$ rake2.0

License

The MIT License applies to all resources except the files in the vendor/ directory.

The files in the vendor/ directory are from third-parties and are distributed under different licenses. See vendor/README in detail.


The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 Yusuke Endoh (@mametter), @hirekoke

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.